The Cape Floral Kingdom, which contains the Fynbos Biome (8600 different plant species), is the world’s smallest and most species-rich floral kingdom. The Mont Rochelle Nature Reserve is characterised by montane fynbos flora established on a leached acidic sandy soil derived from Table Mountain sandstone.
The Mont Rochelle montane fynbos comprises restios (reed-like plant that resemble grass but are not); shrubby, woody flowering plants called ericas (and others), most having small, narrow leaves and multiple small flowers; proteas, mostly large, woody plants, typically with large, robust leathery leaves and large individual composite flowers; and geophytes (bulbous plants). A large variety of minor montane fynbos plants completes the floral assemblage. Indigenous trees are confined to mountain valleys and cliff faces giving rise to the distinctive “bare” look of the mountain slopes.